About Lainie Liberti
Lainie Liberti is a recovering branding expert, who’s career once focused on creating campaigns for green - eco business, non-profits and conscious business. Dazzling clients with her high-energy designs for over 18 years, Lainie lent her artistic talents to businesses that matter. But that was then.
In 2008, after the economy took a turn, Lainie decided to be the change (instead of a victim) and began the process of “lifestyle redesign,” a joint decision between both her and her 11-year-old son, Miro. They sold or gave away all of of their possessions in 2009 and began a life of travel, service, and exploration. Lainie and her son Miro began their open-ended adventure backpacking through Central and South America. They are slow traveling around the globe allowing inspiration to be their compass. The pair is most interested in exploring different cultures, contributing by serving, and connecting with humanity as ‘global citizens.’
Today Lainie considers herself a digital nomad who is living a location independent life. She and her son write and podcast their experiences from the road at Raising Miro on the Road of Life.
Latest Posts by Lainie Liberti
Andean mysticism can be felt throughout every part of Cusco and the Sacred Valley, but most visitors seem to experience only a glimpse into this unseen world. Still, many are drawn to the area’s energy, intuitively knowing a deep connection to the universe, the planet, the mountains and nature lie somewhere below the surface. Many who wish to have an immersive experience, often just scratch the surface, encountering a tourist ready-made version of a thousand year old traditional ceremony. These types of ceremonies can be found at the tourist offices and remind me of the “luaus” I once saw in Hawaii, feeling as superficial as Disneyland, geared towards entertaining the eager consuming tourist.
Miro and I have been immersed in the Peruvian culture for several years now. Part of our desire for living here is the intention to dig deeper into the culture, understand the history and explore the traditions. We’ve explored much of the history though the archeology, and experienced the mysticism through he traditions.
Last year I explored one of the sacred pilgrimages by attending the Qoyllur Rit’i festival, high in the Andes. We made our way to the Sinakara Valley along with 10,000 other pilgrims to experience the sacred Snow Star Festival.
Cesar is from Cusco and for generations back, his family have been healers and mystics. When the Spanish Colonized the area, the Catholic church worked hard to integrate the cultures healers into a new linage of faith. Now, Cesar’s family bridges two worlds, the Catholicism of the Colonial settlers and the traditions of the people of the Andes.
Recently, we had several families visiting Cusco and so I arranged a family “Despacho” ceremony for us all to experience.
What is a Despacho Ceremony?
A despacho is a ceremony honoring Pachamama (mother earth), the sacred Apus (mountains) and the spirit in all of nature. The Andean people believe all are connected and as a way to show continuing appreciation and gratitude for the crops we eat, the water we drink and the land we live on they make an offering. The offering is a gift, charged with intention, love, reciprocity and reverence, unifying all living energy of the physical and unseen universe.
Despacho ceremonies are traced back to the Q’ero peoples of the Andes.
From the Q’ero web site:
Who are the Q’ero?
High up in the Andean mountains of Peru lives a small community of farmers, weavers and medicine people known as the Q’ero. The Q’ero sought refuge in “villages in the clouds” following the invasion of Peru by the Spanish Conquistadors almost five hundred years ago and remain there to this day. They were “discovered” in 1949 by the anthropologist Oscar Nunez del Prado, who led the first expedition to the Q’ero villages in 1955.
The medicine people within the Q’ero nation are known as “paqos,” which means “priest or mystic” in Quechua, the language of the Inca. The Q’ero paqos are credited with preserving and maintaining the healing knowledge, ancient prophecies, beliefs and traditions of the Inca – and the knowledge of the civilisations which came before them – via their oral tradition. Over the years, they have selflessly shared their traditions and wisdom with seekers of knowledge from all corners of the world.
The Q’ero do not see themselves as separate beings with separate identities as we do in the West, instead they see themselves as one with each other, one with nature, and – as with most indigenous cultures – also one with God.
In fact, they are so ego-less and focused on the collective spirit that they do not have a word in their language meaning “I.” Their main philosophy is to practise “Ayni,” which means living in reciprocity, balance and harmony with the Earth, with nature and with each other. Ayni is the practice of giving before taking, of fairness. For example, when harvesting their corn crops – which they do together as a community – they search to find the two most perfect ears of corn. These are then buried ceremonially, as a thank you to “Pachamama,” Mother Earth, for their abundance and as a prayer for future abundance. Thus they gift the most prized ears of corn back to the Earth, as a thank you and in order to remain in balance and harmony with Pachamama.
You can read more about the Q’ero people or offer your support here .
Traditionally, the Q’ero Paqos perform an offering to Mother Earth known as Pachamama, and to the sacred Apus, the mountain spirits in a ceremonial display. Despachos are given as gifts from the heart; an action of honoring Mother Earth, the feminine spirits, and natural beings. In this way, the Q’ero Paqos people are able to connect with their ancestors; for abundance; for healing; for celebrations; for initiations and other uses among the villagers.
And this was the spirit in which our ceremony proceeded.
How Is A Despacho Ceremony Performed?
Prior to the ceremony, those participating are asked to prepare themselves. Although there are multiple ways to prepare, the purpose remains the same–to elevate one’s consciousness, and engage themselves to a higher state of presence. Some of the most effective ways to prepare for a despacho include meditation, relaxing music, prayer, walking through nature or cleansing with incense, tobacco or Palo Santo.
The environment for which a Despacho ceremony takes place can take a few minutes to set up. The basic idea is to set a tone of respect–a sacred circle involving all participants. In the mountains of Peru, the people sometimes use rattles, flutes, or drums during a ceremonial chant, a meditative rhythm. Despacho ceremonies are always performed outdoors, as it is an opportunity to commune with nature.The closer one can become to Mother Earth, the spiritual guides, and the sacred Apus, the more likely the spirits will become invoked and join their offering circle.
The ceremony finally begins when one person (typically the leader of the ceremony) lays out a generous sized, piece of paper. The offerings are systematically placed on the paper, usually involving chanting.
Our ceremony started with the traditional coca leaves. Cesar combined groups of three cocoa leaves, allowing each participant to channel their blessings into them, by holding them close to our hearts, then heads, then placing within the group.
Then over the course of the next hour Cesar combined the offerings using a variety of ingredients into the paper wrapping. We each took turns with the blessing, and often burning the traditional Palo Santo to signal the spirits of our intentions.
A variety of ingredients were placed into the paper envelope including paper, shells, coca leaves, flower petals, corn, candies and cookies, spices,cotton, animal fat, streamers and confetti. Some of the other items used were a wooden cross, a petrified condor and a llama fetus.
After the offering to mother earth was completed, Cesar gently placed the package into the fire. As the children of our shared mother, Pachamama, all participants joined hands and felt our blessings received.
There really is no ‘one’ way to invite the presence of all sacred aspects of the Pachamama, aloud or silently, together or by turn, but the people of the Andes have based their lives on the natural principles of expressed through the traditions of the Despacho ceremony.
Since ancient times, most indigenous cultures have a connection to the spirit world and have traditions to expressing gratitude to the Sun, the Earth, the Wind–for they recognize, without them, all life would all perish into nothingness.
Join us on a visual journey of “Despacho”, which is a ceremony that honored Pachamama (Mother Earth), the sacred Apus (mountains) and the spirit in all of nature.
If you have always dreamed of traveling the world but are unsure how to start, you may be interested in trying something unique and completely off the beaten path, such as working at wineries around the world and contributing to the world’s finest international wines. If you’re intrigued, continue reading to discover just a handful of the countries where you can work at a vineyard in exchange for accommodation and a life changing experience. Let’s explore many of them via The Harvest Trail.
Photo by Mike Goren, based on Creative Commons license.
There are approximately 100,000 grape picking jobs available in France, each year. So, if you’re keen to practice your French and experience life in a small French village consider visiting France in September, when you’ll be able to apply for a grape picking job. If you’re keen to spend a few weeks or months working at a French vineyard, you may be interested in working or woofing in exchange for food, accommodation and the opportunity to learn about organic farming. If you haven’t heard of the term woofing before, it comes from the word woof, an acronym for working opportunities on organic farms. If you’re partial to Bordeaux wine, perhaps look for farms in the Bordeaux region?
If you can stand the heat of a long, hot Italian summer, make sure to include Tuscany in your international travel plans. Between June and October each year seasonal workers can live and work on a traditional Tuscan farm, in exchange for board and mouth watering, home cooked meals. At the end of a harvest, the whole community bands together to process and bottle the fruits of their labour. As an added advantage if you choose to work at an Italian vineyard you won’t have to apply for a work visa or permit as grape picking is classified as agricultural tourism. If you choose to work in Tuscany, you’ll be able to sample authentic Italian gelato and catch a glimpse of Michelangelo’s David, in Florence.
Australia is world renown for producing world class wine. If you choose to woof in Australia, you’ll be expected to volunteer picking grapes, or helping out with general vineyard duties for four to six hours a day. If you start your daily duties in the morning, you’ll have the afternoon and evening free to explore the cities and towns surrounding your vineyard. Activities you may want to try on your summer down under include horse riding in the outback, feeding a kangaroo, attending an Aussie Rules football match and learning how to surf.
New Zealand boasts eight major wine regions, which span the length and breadth of New Zealand. So no matter which region of New Zealand you’d like to explore, you’ll easily be able to find seasonal work at a local vineyard. New Zealand’s harvest season runs from December to March each year. Tasks required of seasonal workers include bud rubbing, shoot thinning, fruit thinning and net placement. On your off time you may want to try hiking one of New Zealand’s spectacular bush walks, bunjy jumping off a bridge, booking a Lord Of The Rings themed tour or trying your luck on a whale watching cruise.
Photo by Michael Cannon, based on Creative Commons license.
If you’re interested in learning about the day to day operations of an organic vineyard appeals to you, consider woofing at an Argentinian vineyard. To find out more about woofing in Argentina visit wwoofargentina.com, an information service which helps match local organic wineries with international tourists who are interested in learning about Argentinian culture and sustainable agriculture. If you’ve ever studied Spanish, woofing in Argentina will also be a great opportunity to put your Spanish skills to the test. During your time in Argentina, you’ll also get the opportunity to attend an Asado, which is a social barbecue shared with friends.
While you may not think of wineries, when you think of Canada, over the past decade both Ontario and British Columbia, have flourished as emerging world class, wine producing regions. If you can’t get enough of the great outdoors and enjoy adventurous activities such as kayaking, hiking, bear hunting (with your camera of course) and fly fishing, then Canada may be the perfect woofing destination for you. Depending on what time of year you visit Canada you may even be be able to take a weekend trip to see the Northern Lights. A dazzling display of natural lights which are visible in the night sky, at certain times of the year.
Photo by Natalie HG, based on Creative Commons license.
Now you’ve read our tips for the traveler who is looking to get off the tourist track and experience life as a local, it’s time to start planning your dream woofing trip. After all, life is far too short, to put off your dreams of traveling the world. Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to be a millionaire to put your day job on hold and travel the world! Where there is a will, there is a way, such as woofing, to make your dreams come true.
This is a photoessay of our trip through the Oldest Archeological site in the Americas, Caral.
Ecuador is a country we’ve yet to explore in depth even though we’ve been there 3 separate times. Like Peru, Ecuador boasts gilded Spanish cathedrals, breezy colonial palaces, tropical jungles, mountain villages and sprawling beaches. Culturally rich as well, Ecuador promises vibrantly dressed natives filling the colorful markets with exquisite handcrafts and archeological sites to ponder and explore.
Although Miro and I have spent a total of four months in the country, we tend to travel deeper than wider making our experiences more immersive. We’ve only really sampled the beaches of Montañita, volunteered in the mountain town of Banos and marveled at the culturally rich Quito including a stop to the center of the world.
Puerto Lopez was once a small fishing village, however in recent years, Puerto Lopez has been able to take advantage of it’s spot along the Ruta del Sol. Now, Puerto Lopez has become a delight for eco-tourists. The Parque Nacional Machalilla is close inland and promises to be the perfect place for hiking. Puerto Lopez also offers numerous eco-tourist lodges offering exclusive windows into the biodiversity and archeological nature only found within the coastal rainforests.
The Silver Island or Isla de la Plata is also in close proximity. This is the only place other than the Galapagos Islands where you can see many exotic sights, including the Blue Footed Boobies living in their natural habitat.
Also, between July & October, you might see Humpback Whales brought by Pacific’s Humboldt current. Whale watching is one of the most popular activities in Puerto Lopez during these months. I’m told, it’s a breathaking site, something on our to do list for sure. The Humpbacks are know for slapping their tails in order to attract mates. I imagine it is something to remember for a lifetime.
As we’ve just returned from our third visit to Montañita, my interest has sparked to explore the entire Ruta del Sol (Sun Route). Our trip was cut short this time due to my passport issues (which I will write about soon) but I wanted to share with you my research in hopes you too will find inspiration to follow the route of the sun. We plan on returning sometime in the next 6 months, so here are some of the beautiful destinations that inspired me to research more:
Ruta del Sol (Sun Route)
Map of the Ruta del Sol
Click map for a larger view
Manta is home to Ecuador’s largest seaport. It has many attractive beaches making it a popular stopping point for cruise ships.
Manta was originally known as Jocay.The Maya people arrived in Manta around five hundred years A.D. However, they found that it was inhabited by other people and left. By this time Jocay was an important trading centre for the Inca and its inhabitants. The first Spanish explorer arrived in 1526. Other Spaniards followed and took the Chief Ligua Tohalli as a prisoner. They found large quantities of precious stones, gold, silver and emeralds.
During the colonial period Manta was part of Guayaquil until the 18th century when it became part of the Canton of Montecristi. There are two wonderful beaches to explore in this area. The are Mucielago Beach and Tarqui Beach
This picturesque beach has a board walk that has many restaurants where you can sample the best dishes from the region. Murcielago beach is a popular tourist destination. People got to this beach for the surfing, wind surfing, sky diving and sunbathing.
This is the best place to watch boat builders and fishermen as they carry on with their daily business. The beach has many open air boat yards. I think it’s definitely worth a trip.
It is located on the Western coast of Ecuador in Manabi Province. Canoa has beaches that stretch for miles. The town has magnificient palm trees. The best part is that the town centre is near the beaches. You do not have to worry about moving around since everything is a walking distance from the town centre.
Canoa was originally known as Pantaguas o Pintagua. The original inhabitants escaped from the beach when they saw the invaders approaching and hid in the hills. A century later priests arrived , they included the beach to be part of Canton Sucre in the twentieth century . This led to changing of the name to Canoa.
One of Conao’s best known celebrations is the festival of San Pablo.This festival is held in August. You will enjoy the music and the lively crowds as everyone comes out to enjoy this spectacular festival.
The beaches in Canoa have some of the best waves for surfing in the Pacific. There is also paragliding, surfing, kite surfing and kayaking on the great waves of the Pacific ocean. Other draws to Conoa for the outdoor or hiking enthusiast, are the great hiking routes in the country side.
San Lorenzo is a small town located in the northern part of Esmeraldas. Many years ago, when Europeans arrived in Esmeraldas, San Lorenzo became an important trading centre. It was a major slave trading centre which led to its growth.
San Lorenzo is known for its lively Marimba festival. The festival draws large crowds eager to hear traditional Ecuadorian music fused with Afro beats.
Esmeraldas province is located in the north western part of Ecuador, thought of as quite cosmopolitan since it is inhabited by many ethnic groups.
The first Europeans to reach Ecuador arrived in Esmeraldas. They called it Esmeraldas since they believed it had vast quantities of gems. San Lorenzo became the main town and trading centre. Slaves from Colombia were brought to work in the province of Esmeraldas.
Not only do people flock to the Esmeraldas province for the beaches, they come to explore the jungles too. You can move through the dense mangroves using a canoe since rivers are the only way to move around. Nature lovers will enjoy bird watching and seeing unique mangrove species.
Located within Esmeraldas’ jungle areas is the Mataje-Caypas Ecological Reserve. The reserve has many unique plant and animal species. It is home to the world’s tallest mangroves. The reserve has uninhabited beaches, mangrove forests and other species that are native to Ecuador.
Another attraction within Esmeralda is the Caypas River. This river has spectacular falls, gorges and unique species. At the Zapallo Grande you will see indigenous architecture and clothing.
A little farther down is the Santiago River. On the upstream side of this river you will find the Playa del Oro community. The community runs an eco lodge where you can spend the night and relax.
Our favorite stop along the Ruta del Sol is of course, Montañita, which is just an hour’s drive from Puerto Lopez. As we know, Montañita is popular with tourisits and surfers alike. There is a small downtown area packed with many restaurants, shops, bars and clubs. Montañita is famous worldwide for its nighttime beach parties and incredible surf. The high season is is between December & March, but Miro and I prefer to visit during the low season April through November.
Exploring Ecuador’s Ruta del Sol would not be complete without a trip to Salinas. Salinas is about two hours south of Montañita by bus. Like many of the beaches along the Ecuadorian coast, Salinas promises many beautiful white sandy beaches. But the town itself has modern towering shopping complexes, chic stores, restaurants and condos. Some say Salinas has a “Miami touch” as it is often described as “retro, yet modern with a funky vibe and high-end choices. One day we’ll see it for ourselves.
Finally, the most southern stop on Ecuador’s Ruta del Sol will bring you to Guayaquil. Guayaquil is one of the largest and most populated cities in Ecuador, but don’t let that dissuade you from exploring its wonderful attractions. The famous Malecon is a beautifully remodeled waterfront along the tidal estuary flowing past Guayaquil. The Malecon stretches 2.5 kilometers offering many cultural exhibits along the way, like lush gardens, docks for boats, restaurants, artisan markets, chic boutiques and nightclubs. There is even an Imax theater to pass the time. Guayaquil seems like the perfect place to wrap up the journey down the Ruta del Sol.
Creative Commons license – Manta- Johnny Chunga, Canoa - vtoxic, San Lorenzo- (-J. Nilsson Photo) , Esmeraldas- Rinaldo W., Puerto Lopez- Szymon Kochanski, Salinas - Johnny Chunga, Guayaquil - Yassef,
Before we left on our trip to South America, things were different. I worked with technology every day. But I do remember a time before my laptop and I were fused together. I had computers, yes, but back then, I refused to own a laptop.
Because I knew myself. I owned and ran a busy a design / branding agency and I was a workaholic. I spend at least 60+ hours a week in front of my duel giga-something apples in the office loft, (which for many years also happened to where I resided).
For what reason could I possibly need a laptop too?
My fear was, I’d take the laptop into my bed and never get any separation from work, technology and being connected. I’d never have a break.
Yes. I know myself. Well.
I was a self proclaimed work-aholic for oh so many years. Prior to our travels, it was worse. I am committed, I am passionate and I am focussed. And I knew one thing for sure: Back then, I would have taken my laptop into bed with me. Without a doubt.
I bought my first laptop for our trip and for the last five years, my laptop has been my lifeline. I use my laptop to earn a living, to stay connected with friends and family and even to provide entertainment watching movies and tv shows and listening to music.
I couldn’t imagine traveling long-term without a laptop. I couldn’t work without one, support ourselves, or manage to stay connected. So, when Miro and I decided to travel to Ecuador for 10 days and we decided to both go without our personal laptop computers, it was a monumental decision for both of us. (I am not saying we didn’t use the internet cafes once a day to check in, but it was an intentional choice at that point, rather than wasting hours in front of our computers.)
So, what happened as a result of this little experiment?
Besides the obvious (not being in front of the computer all day and night) I noticed some miraculously wonderful side effects of being computer-free:
- We did not have to worry about leaving our valuable computers in our hostel room while we were out enjoying the beach.
- We spent all of our time together interacting and playing (multiple card and chess games) with one another
- We laughed so much together, the days seemed to be filled with nothing but laughter and joy
- We experienced the days as being longer and we had more time.
- We were more present at every meal, every interaction, every activity.
- We exercised creative ways to entertain ourselves; taking walks, pretending we were super-spies, drawing in the sand and making new friends.
Sometimes, you gotta just take a break.
Sometimes you gotta give yourself a few computer-free days, whether you are traveling or not.
Photo credit top photo: www.gdefon. com.
Since certain ingredients are used as a result of both history and geographic conditions, one of the best ways to educate yourself about a country is to sample its food. As well as treating your taste buds to exotic culinary delights, eating in a new country is a great way to truly immerse yourself in the culture of a new country, and meet new friends.
Chicken is eaten everywhere
The humble fowl really does have widespread international following. From China to Peru you’ll discover that every country on the planet has a different way of preparing chicken. You can stir fry it, or you can let it cook in an oven as a casserole. The chicken is perfect as a dish for curries or as a tempting recovery meal for anyone who has been ill.
French chicken classic
A classic French dish that is easy to prepare is chicken in white wine sauce. Simply buy some chicken breasts, fry them in a deep pan or casserole dish, add equal measures of chicken stock and white wine and then add 4 cloves of whole garlic and place the whole mixture to simmer for around 40 minutes. You can check if the chicken is properly cooked by just piercing the breast with a thin knife and making sure that it’s no longer pink. Mushrooms added in the last ten minutes of cooking time will enrich this recipe. You should also add herbs as well as salt and pepper for extra taste. Reduce the sauce by removing the lid and boiling quickly. This is when you add the cream.
Sample some Andean culture in Peru
In Peru they cook fiery chicken dishes using chillies, cumin and evaporated milk. This unlikely sounding combination is in fact delicious. It’s a one-pot recipe so once you’ve boiled your chicken and shredded it you can then fry the onion, chillies, pecan nuts and garlic and spices. Add evaporated milk to the spices then combine with the chicken. All that’s left to do is enjoy this meal while learning about the Incas and the lost civilizations of this fascinating part of the world.
Try Middle Eastern chicken recipes
Turkey is renowned for its incredible fusion of cultures, astonishing monuments and its mysterious Hittite people. It’s also famous for its beaches and bazaars. Chicken dishes from this country can incorporate cardamom, paprika and nuts. Simply boil your chicken pieces for around 20 minutes and then strain through a sieve. Whiz up the walnuts, onion and the water/stock from the chicken, adding paprika, some crusts of bread and a sprinkling of salt and pepper. Smear the paste over the chicken and you’ll have a delicious meal.
Chiclayo, also known as the “city of friendship”, is located near the northern coast of Peru. It is the fourth largest city in Peru and probably the most modern. Its sunny climate, desert oasis and fresh sea breeze are pretty welcoming. The city offers its visitors a number of tourist attractions, from cultural sites to natural wonders. The ancient history from the area adds color to Peru’s already stunning legacy.
During our last trip to Chiclayo, Miro and I visited Túcume, Museo Tumbas Reales de Sipan, Lord of Sipan tomb, Ferrenafe Musuem, Museo Sicán, and the Brüning Museum in Lambayeque.
This time, according to Miro, he has already visited all the sites and remembered having a cultural overdose last time we were there. So this time, with our 8 hours layover, he said “NO WAY ” to revisiting any of the same sites.
Our first visit was to the capital of Sican culture, the complex of Túcume. The site is located 35 Kilometers from the Chiclayo. It is believed that Túcume was built later after the Sicán abandoned and burnt their capital of Batán Grande in A.D. 1050. Commonly referred to as Valle de las Pirámides, the area is easy to understand mainly from the lookout on Cerro Purgatorio. This offers an excellent view over the entire complex which has a small but interesting museum, opened 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. daily.
Lord of Sipan Tomb
Our next destination was one of the most significant archeological sites in the region – the Tomb of the Lord of Sipan . It was discovered close to the coast, in the middle of Lambayeque Valley, just 35 kilometers east of Chiclayo. The Lord of Sipan (or Señor de Sipán) ruled about 1600 years ago and was thought to be only 30 to 40 years old when he died. The Lord was buried in traditional Moche funeral clothes which adorned with gold, silver and jewels and on display at Museo Tumbas Reales de Sípan.
Museo Tumbas Reales de Sípan
Miro and I toured the Museo Tumbas Reales de Sípan which is the principal museum in Lambayeque. The museum was inaugurated on November 8th, 2002, is considered to house one of the nations leading archeological collections. The impressive building has been designed to reflect that pyramid-like sanctuaries of the Moche culture. Its multi-level interior, meanwhile, is a world-class showcase for the region’s many pre-Columbian artifacts. At the centerpiece, there is the Señor de Sipán collection (from the site of the same name, also called Huaca Rajada, outside Chiclayo), that features exquisite items that have been taken from the tomb of the Lord of Sipán.
Visitors enter the museum through the top floor and then descend to the second and first levels. Several tour guides are readily available but at an extra fee – if you aren’t familiar with the cultures of the northern coast, a guide can help you get the most from the museum.
Miro and I also visited the Museo Sicán during our visit. Located in Ferreñafe, about 20 kilometers from Chiclayo city, Museo Sicán is located along the road leading to Bosque de PómacSanctuary. This museum display various aspects of the daily life within the Sican culture including metallurgy and ceramics. Additionally, the Museo Sicán has a display of the Sican royal tombs.
The name Sicán is used to refer to the culture that flourished in Lambayeque area about 750 AD. The culture traces its roots to the Mochica culture and to some other contemporary cultures like the Wari, Cajamarca and Pachacamac.
The Brüning Museum marked the end of our tour of the Chiclayo region in Peru. Located in Lambayeque , the Brüning Museum was built to house the collection of German-born archaeologist and ethnographer Hans Heinrich Brüning Brookstedt. Brüning spent much of his life in northern Peru, exploring and recording the culture of the region and its past civilizations. In the 1920s, the Peruvian government purchased much of Brüning’s collection, including his photographs, sketches and an ever-growing assortment of ceramics and other archaeological artefacts. Brüning Museum has more than 1,500 pieces from various cultures of northern Peru that includes the Moche, Chimú, Vicús and Lambayeque civilizations. Many of these pieces show scenes of everyday life, including rituals and fishing scenes which is a vital occupation along the desert coast.