Amadiya, an Ancient Village in Kurdistan, Iraq

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When life takes you to a place as unique and magnificent as Amadiya in Iraq, you might just need to pinch yourself and check it’s all real. It was. After getting an Iraqi Kurdistan visa on arrival at Erbil airport and touring the northern part of the country, it was time to check out Iraq’s mountains (Iraqis call the whole thing Iraq, Kurds call their region Kurdistan).

amadiya iraq backpacking

Yes folks – Iraq is beautiful. You can travel through roads that take you past immense and immaculate mountain ranges without an army patrol in sight. And shock horror – it’s safe as houses.

downtown amadiya

Central Amadiya, Kurdistan, Iraq. Safe as houses.

Where is Amadiya?

Amadiya is in Iraqi Kurdistan. Iraqi Kurdistan is a region of northern Iraq, close to the Turkish border. You can enter the Kurdistan region from Turkey and Iran and also by flying into Erbil or Sulimaniyeh airports. The town is also sometimes spelt Amadiye, Amedi and Amadiyeh. The nearest other town is Sulav, a small mountain village. Google maps kind of give you an inkling…

amadiya iraq google maps

According to Google Maps this is Amadiya…

Amadiya is a Kurdish and Assyrian mountain village in northern Iraq – Kurdistan region. It sits proudly on a mountain top and dates back to the year 3000 BC. It sits an astonishingly close 10 miles from the Turkish border. The village has been rumoured to have been part of the Persian Empire and was a semi autonomous region for a period lasting from 1376 to 1843. 

These days Amadiya is governed by the Kurdish government but ultimately controlled by Iraq, from the capital city of Baghdad. Christians and Muslims live in harmony inside this marvellous lofty village. The current population of Amadiya is rumoured to be around 4,000.

amadiya kurdistan iraq

The drive from Dohuk to Amadiya is sensational. All you didn’t expect. Iraq’s mountains are beautiful. You will be on a very smooth road through the valleys. Views out either side show the mountains and the mountain villages.

kurdistan mountains view

Views from our shared taxi over the northern Iraq mountains of Kurdistan.

The journey from Dohuk to Amadiya takes around 1 and a half hours depending on traffic. It’s not all twists and turns and it’s probably about 70 kilometres of road. Road signs state 60 km between Dohuk and Sulav, while the Lonely planet offers 65 km. Another local map says 90 km…it’s hard to know!

amadiya iraq road to it

The Road to Amadiya, Kurdistan, Iraq.

amadiya iraq downtown

On the grand scheme of things, Amadiya is a fairly average town. It has all the usual amenities – a shop – a police station – a youth club – a sports shop – restaurants and a main street. However it’s on top of a mountain and that is why it’s magical!

amadiya mountains main street

This is the town centre of Amadiya – it’s on a mountain, and it’s surrounded by mountains.

There are also a few statues and a large Kurdistan flag flying from a roundabout in the village centre. Wandering around at your leisure is a good idea to get a feel for the village. I loved the fact that a car that had a proud USA flag. It’s really not anti-American here in the Kurdistan region of Iraq!

us flag on car in amadiya

A US flag on a car in Amadiya – Iraqi Kurdistan!!

Amedi Mosque and Minaret

The central focus of the actual town is of course the Mosque/Masjid. As tourists sometimes flock here, there is a sign written in English inside the Mosque. The Amedi Mosque is hard to miss due to its towering Minaret – the highest point in the village.

amadiya minaret iraq mosque

The Minaret at the Mosque in Amadiya – it towers over the town.

If you do become unsure, just ask locals for “Masjid” and they’ll know you mean Mosque. The Mosque is mostly green in colour.

kurdistan iraq

The information board in English at the Amedie Mosque and Minaret in Amadiya, Kurdistan, Iraq.

You can walk inside the Mosque grounds no problem. If you want to enter the actual Mosque – wear a hajib for females and no shorts/skirts etc. Plus shoes must be taken off.

At the Main Mosque in Amadiya, Kurdistan, Iraq.

Bahdinan Gate/The Eastern Gate

This is the real reason why you’re here. The Bahdinan Gate is the only significant reminder of the ancient fortress city which once existed here. Modern housing blocks have taken over and the old walls have crumbled.

fortress bahdinan gate amadiya

The entrance sign to Bahdinan Gate in Amadiya – this area contains the only remains of the once massive fortress.

Head on your way down the streets of Amadiya until you find the Bahdinan Gate. It’s on the Sulav side of the town towards Dohuk, but it’s a good idea to carry a photo of the Gate (the Kurdistan tourist map has one, as did the Lonely Planet copy we had with us). This will make it easier to find.

amadiya bahdinan gate

Through the gate at Amadiya – the Eastern Gate/Bahdinan Gate.

Most locals will stop and help you no problem. A lot of them will also be happy and shocked to see foreigners in their town. The day we went we were the only two foreigners.

amadiya walls iraq

The walls and gate of magical Amadiya, Kurdistan, Iraq.

amadiya family sweden

The family we met at Amadiya – they now live in Sweden.

Once you get to the Gate, it’s basically a path way down to an arch, you head in through the arch for excellent views and you’l be on the path around the walls of what was once a fortress.

amadiya iraq kurdistan

The walls and entrance to ancient Amadiya in Kurdistan, Iraq.

Hitching a ride from Amadiya to Sulav, Kurdistan, Iraq.

In Sulav we flagged down a single guy in a car and that was a guy called Jehat. He worked in the oil industry and had friends from Scotland and China so he was able to chat away to us in English and really welcomed us to Kurdistan.